Author(s): Friedrich Engels
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Karl Marx was born in Trier, Germany and studied law at Bonn and Berlin. In 1848, with Freidrich Engels, he finalized "The Communist Manifesto." He settled in London, where he studied economics and wrote the first volume of his major work, "Das Kapital "(1867, two further volumes were added in 1884 and 1894). He is buried in Highgate Cemetery, London. Friedrich Engels was born in Westphalia in 1820, the son of a textile manufacturer. After military training in Berlin, Engels already a convert to communism, went to Manchester in 1842 to represent the family firm. A relationship with a mill-hand, Mary Bums, and friendship with local Owenites and Chartists helped to inspire his famous early work, " The Condition of the Working Class "in England in 1844. His collaboration with Marx began in 1844 and in 1847 he composed the first drafts of the "Communist Manifesto." After playing an active part in the German revolutions, Engels returned to work in Manchester until 1870, when he moved to London. He not only helped Marx financially, but reinforced their shared position through his own expositions of the new theory. After Marx's death, he prepared the unfinished volumes of Capital for publication. He died in London in 1895. Gareth Stedman Jones is Professor of Political Science in the History Faculty of Cambridge University and a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. He is also a Director of the Centre of History and Economics at Cambridge. His publications include "Outcast London "and "Languages of Class."