Author(s): Friederich Nietzsche
In 1869, at age 25, the precociously brilliant Friedrich Nietzsche was appointed to a professorship of classical philology at the University of Basel. He seemed marked for a successful and conventional academic career. Then the philosophy of Schopenhauer and the music of Wagner transformed his sense of purpose. The genius of such thinkers and makers - like the genius of the ancient Greeks - was the only touchstone for true understanding. How then was education to answer to such genius? Something more than sturdy scholarship was called for. A new way of teaching and questioning, a new philosophy...What that new way might be was the question Nietzsche broached in five vivid and popular lectures delivered to the public in Basel in 1872. Following a chance encounter in the country, an old philosopher, his former student, and two very wet-behind-the-ears undergraduates embroil themselves in a discussion of the current state of education, devoted, they concur, on the one hand to the democratization of shallow learning, and on the other to fostering a narrow specialization that serves the interests of industry and the state.
Neither of these, the philosopher insists, constitutes true learning, which can only arise out of a determined attention to the genius of language, written and spoken, instead of practical ends, however newsworthy. Composed in emulation (and to some degree as a satire) of a Platonic dialogue, Anti-Education presents a stimulating, provocative, and thoroughly timely reckoning with one of the great problems of the day.
An NYRB Classics Original from one of the most important and revered philosophers of the 19th century, Anti-Education collects five brilliant and provocative lectures that Nietzsche delivered to the public in Basel in 1872. These lectures, in a clear and precise translation by Damion Searls, question accepted ideas about education and redefine what it means to truly learn.
Friederich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher, essayist, and critic whose writings about morality, truth, language, aesthetics, and nihilism are considered cornerstones of Western philosophy. Damion Searls has translated many classic twentieth-century writers, including Proust, Rilke, Elfriede Jelinek, Christa Wolf, Hans Keilson, and Herman Hesse. For NYRB Classics, he edited Henry David Thoreau's The Journal: 1837-1861, translated Nescio's Amsterdam Stories, and Robert Walser's A Schoolboy's Diary. He has received Guggenheim, National Endowment for the Arts, and Cullman Center fellowships and is currently writing a book about Hermann Rorschach and the cultural history of the Rorschach test. Paul Reitter is professor of Germanic languages and literatures and director of the Humanities Institute at Ohio State. His work has appeared in both scholarly journals and venues such as Harper's Magazine, Bookforum, The Paris Review, The Nation, and The Times Literary Supplement. He is the author of three books, and he recently collaborated with Jonathan Franzen and Daniel Kehlmann on The Kraus Project. Chad Wellmon is the author of Becoming Human: Romantic Anthropology and the Embodiment of Freedom and Organizing Enlightenment: Information Overload and the Invention of the Modern Research University. He is Associate Professor of German Studies at the Institute for Advance Studies in Culture at the University of Virginia. He is also editor of the Infernal Machine.