Author(s): Janet Wallach
Fascinating biography of the iconoclastic English woman who in Baghdad in 1921 drew the boundaries of the country that became Iraq. Gertrude Bell was one of Oxford University's early female students, an archaelogist, a linguist, photographer, inveterate writer of letters and the greatest woman mountaineer of her age. Turning her back on her privileged life in Victorian England, Gertrude Bell (1868-1926), fired by her innate curiosity, journeyed the world and became captivated by the Arab world.She travelled extensively throughout the Middle East, was fluent in both Persian and Arabic, and mixed freely in Arab male society, developing friendships and gaining the respect of sheiks and tribal and religious leaders. She not only produced several enormously popular books based on her experiences but became instrumental to the British foreign office. When World War I erupted, and the British needed the loyalty of the Arab leaders, it was Gertrude Bell's work and connections that helped provide the brain for T. E. Lawrence's military brawn.After the war she participated in both the Paris and Cairo conferences, played a major role in creating the modern Middle East, and was generally considered the most powerful woman in the British Empire.This incident-packed biography reveals a woman whose achievements and independent spirit were especially remarkable for her times, and who brought the same passion and intensity to her explorations as she did to her rich romantic life. Too long eclipsed by Lawrence's fame, Gertrude Bell emerges in this first major biography as a woman whose accomplishments rank as crucial to world history (especially in light of the continuing geopolitical importance of the Middle East) and whose life was a grand adventure. First published 1996.
The untold story of Gertrude Bell, a woman as vital to the history of the Middle East as her friend and colleague, Lawrence of Arabia.
Janet Wallach's own interest and expertise in Arab politics and history led her to the life of Gertrude Bell. She is a contributor to the Washington Post and other publications, and is the co-author of several books.